Coronavirus Disease Response Measures in the Federal Government

Policy Details

Policy Details

Date of Last Action
Apr 3 2020
Date Introduced
Mar 24 2020
Publication Date
Mar 24 2020

SciPol Summary

Originating in China, the virus that causes COVID-19 has gone on to spread worldwide. While the first cases were reported in December, the World Health Organization ultimately declared the disease to be a pandemic on March 11. As this disease has emerged over the past few months, governments have moved to implement and combat both the spread of the virus and its social and economic impacts. This page provides a list of actions the US Federal government has taken in response to COVID-19. We will continue to update this as we identify new actions and provide brief summaries for each action.

 

Congress

Passed and Enacted Into Law

  • Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act (Public Law 116-136) – Establishes and funds federal emergency assistance and healthcare programs to support individuals, families, and businesses in response to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic. Introduced as Senate Amendment 1578 to amend HR 748. Read the SciPol Summary.
  • Families First Coronavirus Response Act (Public Law 116-127) – Provides emergency funds to support the increased availability of nutrition programs, medical testing, paid leave, and tax breaks relating to the public health emergency designation of the COVID-19 outbreak. Introduced as HR 6201, 116th Congress. Read the full SciPol Summary.
  • Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2020 (Public Law 116-123) – Provides $8.3 billion in additional, emergency government spending to accelerate response measures to the coronavirus disease. Introduced as HR 6074, 116th Congress. Read the full SciPol Summary.

Introduced

Please Note: A number of bills have been introduced in response to this pandemic. While some of these bills have not passed themselves, portions of their text has been included as sections of passed and enacted legislation. We will continue updating this list to provide brief summaries of each bill and identify bills that have been included in legislation that has passed Congress.

House
  • Emergency Response Coordinator Act of 2020 (HR 5997)
  • Cure the Coronavirus Act (HR 6019)
  • Border Health Security Act of 2020 (HR 6070)
  • Northern Mariana Islands Coronavirus Emergency Assistance Act (HR 6123)
  • COVID-19 Health Care Worker Protection Act of 2020 (HR 6139)
  • Covering Coronavirus Test Act of 2020 (HR 6173) - Requires health insurers to cover the cost of COVID-19 testing without cost sharing.
  • Maintaining Essential Access to Lunch for Students (MEALS) Act (HR 6187)
  • Emergency Paid Leave Act of 2020 (HR 6198)
  • Pandemic EBT Act of 2020 (HR 6200)
  • Resilient Elections During Quarantines and Natural Disasters Act of 2020 (HR 6202)
  • Assistance for Workers Harmed by COVID-19 Act (HR 6205)
  • Coronavirus Worker Relief Act (HR 6207)
  • To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to provide for coverage of testing for COVID-19 at no cost sharing under the Medicare Advantage program (HR 6214)
  • Emergency Family and Medical Leave Expansion Act (HR 6220)
  • To temporarily prohibit the Federal financial regulators from requiring compliance with the CECL Rule by persons impacted by Coronavirus, and for other purposes (HR 6249) – No Text Available
  • To provide the sense of Congress related to the joint release on Coronavirus issued by Federal and State financial regulators, to require a report analyzing the effectiveness of the joint release, and for other purposes (HR 6265)
  • To establish the Office of Coronavirus COVID-19 Small Business Recovery Grants in the Small Business Administration to compensate certain small business concerns for substantial economic injury, and for other purposes (HR 6292)
  • To require issuance of guidance by the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness regarding protecting the homeless from the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), and for other purposes (HR 6293)
  • To require data-sharing regarding protecting the homeless from coronavirus, and for other purposes (HR 6294)
  • To require issuance of guidance by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development regarding protecting the homeless who reside in certain federally assisted properties from the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), and for other purposes (HR 6295)
  • To require public housing agencies to inform residents of a public housing project when a resident of such project tests positive for the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), and for other purposes (HR 6297)
  • To require the Secretary of Defense to make testing for the coronavirus disease 19 available to all members of the Armed Forces deployed to an area in which the United States Central Command has responsibility (HR 6310)
  • To provide emergency rental assistance under the Emergency Solutions Grants program of the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development in response to the public health emergency resulting from the coronavirus, and for other purposes (HR 6314)
  • To provide administrative support and flexibility to the Corporation for National and Community Service to respond to the COVID-19 national emergency as declared by the President under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) on March 13, 2020, with respect to the coronavirus (HR 6315)
  • To amend the Small Business Act to provide no interest rate loans to small businesses and non-profit entities impacted by the coronavirus (COVID-19), and for other purposes (HR 6324)
  • To allow a tax credit for certain coronavirus-related charitable contributions for taxable year 2020 (HR 6235)
  • To establish a moratorium on evictions from rental dwelling units during the public health emergency relating to coronavirus, and for other purposes (HR 6347)
  • To authorize emergency homeless assistance grants under the Emergency Solutions Grants program of the Department of Housing and Urban Development for response to the public health emergency relating to coronavirus, and for other purposes (HR 6362)
  • To increase the amount available under the Defense Production Act of 1950 to respond to the coronavirus epidemic, and for other purposes (HR 6373)
  • To suspend requirements that tenants of assisted housing make contributions toward rent during the public health emergency relating to coronavirus, and for other purposes (HR 6374)
  • Take Responsibility for Workers and Families Act (HR 6379) - Provides emergency funding for some federal agencies and programs to address the COVID-19 health emergency.
Senate 
  • Global Health Security Act of 2020 (S 3302)
  • Coronavirus Vaccine Act (S 3370)
  • Paid Sick Days for Public Health Emergencies and Personal and Family Care Act (S 3415)
  • Resilient Elections During Quarantines and Natural Disasters Act of 2020 (S 3440)
  • Care for COVID-19 Act (S 3442)
  • A bill to authorize the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to treat certain programs of education converted to distance learning by reason of emergencies and health-related situations in the same manner as programs of education pursued at educational institutions, and for other purposes (S 3450) – Enables the Department of Veterans Affairs to continue providing educational assistance for programs that have changed from in-person to remote instruction as a result of the COVID-19 public health emergency.
  • A bill to provide for unemployment benefits to workers affected by the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (S 3476) – No text available yet
  • A bill to provide unemployment assistance to individuals affected by COVID-19, and for other purposes (S 3497) – No text available yet
  • A bill to require the Secretary of Health and Human Services to reimburse States for the cost of operating drive-through sites for COVID-19 testing (S 3498) – No text available yet
  • A bill to amend coverage requirements to ensure that no person incurs cost-sharing when receiving a test to confirm a COVID-19 infection (S 3499) – No text available yet
  • A bill to require private health insurance to rapidly cover preventive services and vaccines related to the coronavirus. (S 3505) – No text available yet
  • A bill to require the Secretary of Defense to make testing for the coronavirus disease 19 available to all members of the Armed Forces deployed to an area in which the United States Central Command has responsibility. (S 3507) – No text available yet
  • A bill to transfer all border wall funding to the Department of Health and Human Services and USAID to combat coronavirus. (S 3510) – No text available yet
  • A bill to increase the ability of nursing facilities to access to telehealth services and obtain technologies to allow virtual visits during the public health emergency relating to an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and for other purposes. (S 3517) – No text available yet
  • A bill to provide grants to small business concerns, private nonprofit organizations, and small agricultural cooperatives affected by COVID-19, and for other purposes (S 3518) – No text available yet
  • A bill to extend and expand the temporary assistance for needy families (TANF) program and related programs to respond to the COVID-19 public health emergency, and for other purposes (S 3522) – No text available yet
  • A bill to provide for the temporary funding of the expansion of eligibility of unemployment compensation to respond to the COVID-19 public health emergency, and for other purposes (S 3523) – No text available yet
  • A bill to modify terms related to the economic injury disaster loan program of the Small Business Administration for applicants affected by COVID-19, and for other purposes (S 3524) – No text available yet
  • A bill to allow a tax credit for certain coronavirus-related charitable contributions for taxable year 2020. (S 3525) – No text available yet
  • A bill to restrict the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury to purchase or guarantee assets in response to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. (S 3526) – No text available yet
  • A bill to modify requirements relating to small business disaster loans made in response to COVID-19, and for other purposes (S 3541) – No text available yet
  • A bill to provide COVID-19 related assistance through a special earned income rule for purposes of the refundable child and earned income credits for taxable year 2020 (S 3542) – No text available yet
  • A bill to assist older Americans and people with disabilities affected by COVID-19 (S 3544) – No text available yet
  • A bill to amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to waive limitations on expansion of facility capacity under rural provider and hospital exception to ownership or investment prohibition during coronavirus 2020 emergency period (S 3547) – No text available yet
  • A bill to require the Secretary of Agriculture to provide payments to cattle producers to offset losses due to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), and for other purposes. (S 3552) – No text available yet
  • A bill to provide assistance to small businesses impacted by COVID-19, and for other purposes (S 3554) – No text available yet
  • A bill to amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to provide for deferral of loan repayment for graduates during the period of the coronavirus (S 3556) – No text available yet
  • A bill to provide emergency financial assistance to rural health care facilities and providers impacted by the COVID-19 emergency (S 3559) – No text available yet
  • A bill to require Federal agencies to permit employees to telework full-time during the public health emergency relating to COVID-19, and for other purposes (S 3561) – No text available yet
  • A bill to modify nutrition programs to address the Coronavirus Disease 2019, and for other purposes. (S 3563) – No text available yet
  • A bill to amend title XIX of the Social Security Act to require States to provide medical assistance for COVID-19 treatment services for individuals who are diagnosed with COVID-19, and for other purposes (S 3564) – No text available yet
  • A bill to prohibit depository institutions from assessing overdraft and non-sufficient fund fees during the novel coronavirus crisis and other disasters, and for other purposes (S 3566) – No text available yet
  • A bill to require the President to use authorities under the Defense Production Act of 1950 to require emergency production of medical equipment to address the COVID-19 outbreak (S 3568) – No text available yet
  • A bill to provide for the expedited procurement of equipment needed to combat COVID-19 under the Defense Production Act of 1950 (S 3570) – No text available yet
  • A bill to provide oversight for the care and assistance provided to businesses under the coronavirus relief package (S 3578) – No text available yet

 

Office of the President

Executive Orders

  • Prioritizing and Allocating Health and Medical Resources to Respond to the Spread of COVID-19 (EO 13909) – Gives the Secretary of Health and Human Services the authority to determine the nationwide priorities for health and medical resources and redirect their distribution as needed.

Presidential Proclamations

  • Suspension of Entry as Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus and Other Appropriate Measures To Address This Risk (Proclamation 9984) – Limits entry into the United States for people who had been to China within fourteen days of their attempt to enter the United States.
  • Suspension of Entry as Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Certain Additional Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (Proclamation 9992) – Expands travel restrictions of Proclamation 9984 to include people who had been in Iran within fourteen days of attempting to enter the United States.
  • Suspension of Entry as Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Certain Additional Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (Proclamation 9993) – Further expands COVID-19 related travel restrictions to include people who had been in the Schengen Area (the European Union member States that cooperate as a single travel jurisdiction) within fourteen days prior to attempting to enter the United States.
  • Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak (Proclamation 9994) – Authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services to temporarily waive or modify certain aspects of the Medicare, Medicaid and State Children’s Health Insurance programs, as well as the privacy rule of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, to address the COVID-19 public health emergency.
  • Suspension of Entry as Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Certain Additional Persons Who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus (Proclamation 9996) – Expands travel COVID-19 travel restrictions to include people who had been in the United Kingdom or the Republic of Ireland within fourteen days of attempting to enter the United States.

Memoranda

  • Expanding State Diagnostic Tests (March 13 Memo) – Informs States that they can request flexibility for authorizing laboratories to develop and perform tests for detecting COVID-19 and that the Secretary of the Food and Drug Administration will facilitate those requests.
  • Making General Use Respirators Available (March 11 Memo) – Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to allow healthcare personnel to use general-use respirators during the health emergency and to increase the availability of respirators.

 

Federal Agencies

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

  • Suspending Introduction of Persons From a Country Where a Communicable Disease Exists (Order) – Limits, as enforced by Homeland Security, foreign nationals from countries with COVID-19 cases from entering the United States.
  • Control of Communicable Diseases; Foreign Quarantine: Suspension of Introduction of Persons Into United States From Designated Foreign Countries or Places for Public Health Purposes (Rule) – Outlines the regulatory authority and provides procedures for the CDC to restrict entry into the United States for individuals travelling from countries with COVID-19 cases.
  • Collection of Certain Data Regarding Passengers and Crew Arriving From Foreign Countries by Airlines (Order) – Requires airlines carrying passengers from China to collect and provide passenger information to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Read the full SciPol Summary.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

  • Temporary Policy Regarding Nutrition Labeling of Certain Packaged Food During the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency (Guidance, March 26)
  • Enforcement Policy for Face Masks and Respirators During the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Public Health Emergency (Guidance, March 25)
  • Temporary Policy for Manufacture of Alcohol for Incorporation Into Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizer Products During the Public Health Emergency (COVID-19)​ (Guidance, March 24)
  • Enforcement Policy Regarding Federal VCPR Requirements to Facilitate Veterinary Telemedicine During the COVID-19 Outbreak (Guidance, March 24)
  • Enforcement Policy for Ventilators and Accessories and Other Respiratory Devices During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Public Health Emergency (Guidance, March 22)
  • Policy for Certain REMS Requirements During the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency Guidance for Industry and Health Care Professionals (Guidance, March 22)
  • Enforcement Policy for Non-Invasive Remote Monitoring Devices Used to Support Patient Monitoring During the Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) Public Health Emergency (Guidance, March 20)
    • Describes the FDA policy for expanding the availability of non-invasive remote monitoring devices for the duration of this public health emergency to improve patient monitoring.
  • Temporary Policy for Preparation of Certain Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizer Products During the Public Health Emergency (COVID-19) (Guidance, March 19) 
  • Postmarketing Adverse Event Reporting for Medical Products and Dietary Supplements During a Pandemic (Guidance, March 19)
  • Conduct of Clinical Trials of Medical Products during COVID-19 Pandemic (Guidance, March 18)
  • Temporary Policy Regarding Preventive Controls and FSVP Food Supplier Verification Onsite Audit Requirements During the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency (Guidance, March 17) 
  • Policy for Diagnostics Tests for Coronavirus Disease-2019 During the Public Health Emergency (Guidance, March 16)
    • Describes the FDA policy towards the use of COVID-19 tests that have been developed and validated in laboratories but have not received emergency use authorization.
  • Policy for Temporary Compounding of Certain Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizer Products During the Public Health Emergency (Guidance, March 14)
    • Describes the FDA policy for allowing pharmacists to prepare hand sanitizers for customers and healthcare personnel to address shortages that have occurred due to the public health emergency. 

Coast Guard

  • Safety Zone; COVID-19 NorCal Maritime 2020, San Francisco Bay, CA (Temporary Rule) – Establishes a safe zone around the Grand Princess cruise ship in the San Francisco Bay in response to passengers testing positive for COVID-19.
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