The Providing Resources to End the Vaping Epidemic Now for Teenagers (PREVENT) Act of 2020 (S 3096) would direct the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to create and finance a public health program aimed at curbing the recreational use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), such as vape pens and e-cigarettes, among middle and high school students.
Specifically, the bill would amend Title III of the Public Health Service Act to establish a grant program that would support health agencies, hospitals, educational institutions, and nonprofits in performing each of the following tasks:
- Training education workers to recognize and intervene in ENDS use among adolescents;
- Developing educational resources cautioning against ENDS use and disseminating them to students, families, and education workers;
- Implementing CDC-prepared media campaigns focused on educating adolescents on the health risks associated with ENDS use and nicotine addiction;
- Developing additional resources to foster peer-to-peer communication of the health risks associated with ENDS use; and
- Offering public health resources, counseling, and support services for adolescents experiencing nicotine addiction.
Grants would be preferentially issued to organizations serving communities with limited public health resources and a high prevalence of electronic nicotine delivery system use while ensuring that rural and urban communities can equally benefit from the funds.
Furthermore, to fund grants under this program, the bill would amend Chapter IX of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act to authorize the CDC to assess and collect quarterly user fees from all manufacturers and importers of ENDS products. Fees collected in this manner could total no more than $200,000,000 in fiscal year 2021, and this cap would be adjusted for inflation thereafter. If a manufacturer or importer fails to pay their user fee, their products would be assumed to be adulterated, pursuant to section 387b(4) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, and banned from distribution.
Finally, grantees would be required to submit an annual report to the CDC detailing the challenges in implementing the public health program and recommending additional resources that might help curb ENDS use among middle and high school students. In turn, the CDC would be expected to compile and publicize a report on how the funds from this grant program were used and which implemented tasks were most effective for decreasing electronic nicotine delivery system use among adolescents.